GSoC 2017 - Mailman encrypted lists update

Plugin API enhancements in Core#

To cleanly implement encrypted mailing lists as a plugin to Mailman Core I propose several general changes to the plugin api, to allow for cleaner integration of plugins, more flexibility and easier plugin deployment. First I present the current state of pluggability in Mailman core and then the proposed changes.

Current state#

Relevant mailman-developers thread from GSoC 2015

Example plugin

  • A plugin creator has many ways of “injecting” his code to run at certain phases of Mailman’s operation, since Mailman looks for its classes and components dynamically, it doesn’t care whether they are from a plugin or originally from core.
    • Implementing IHandler, IChain, IRule, IEmailCommand, ICLISubCommand or IStyle and placing modules containing the classes in the appropriate directories where Mailman finds them and instantiates them.
    • Implementing IRunner and adding the custom runner to mailman.cfg.
    • Implementing IArchiver and adding the custom archiver to mailman.cfg.
    • Implementing IMailTransportAgentLifecycle and setting the custom MTA in mailman.cfg.
    • Setting a custom callable in pre_hook or post_hook (only one callable per hook).
  • Core config variable ext_dir is unused.
  • There is not much documentation / examples of plugin creation, however core is very well documented so it’s just a matter of figuring out what’s pluggable or not.

Proposed changes#

  • Add configuration option similar to config.styles.paths to Handlers, Rules, Chains etc.. Which Mailman will use to look for components, so that plugins can just be accessible on the python path and not necessarily inside the Mailman package. Or use just one path per plugin and a standardized plugin structure:
    • plugin package
      • handlers
      • rules
      • chains
      • commands
      • pipelines
      • styles
  • Let plugins add Pipelines the same way they can add Handlers, Rules etc…
    • This means refactoring BasePipeline, OwnerPipeline, PostingPipeline, VirginPipeline from mailman.core.pipelines.py into a package mailman.pipelines
    • Use find_components
  • Let plugins subscribe to receive events.
  • Let List creator specify List Style when creating it through Postorius.
  • Allow multiple callables in pre_hook and post_hook run in order specified.
  • Drop ext_dir.

Generating EC domain parameters - ecgen

Build Status GitHub release

ecgen is a tool for generating Elliptic curve domain parameters. While working on generating some interesting EC domain parameters for ECTester I found out there aren’t really any good tools for doing so. Cryptographic libraries don’t offer generating custom curves, they just offer preset ones or let you set custom ones. The only tools I found were ECB, LiDIA/GEC, MIRACL and cm. They all have their drawbacks however, ECB is limited in what parameters are modifiable and is closed source, LiDIA is unmaintained, and cm also doesn’t support the flexibility in parameters I needed. To add to that I lost the link to MIRACL and could not remember it’s name. So ecgen is what I started working on.

Since Elliptic Curve domain parameters are a rather complex object, generating them with various constraints and parameters is also complex and there are various algorithms for doing so. Generally two methods are used in practice. One is randomized and works as you might imagine from the name, by generating random domain parameters within some constraints, computing the rest of the parameters and hoping they satisfy the rest of the constraints. A variation of this is the ANSI X9.62 verifiably random algorithm. The other method is based on the theory of Complex Multiplication and is able to directly generate Elliptic Curve domain parameters with required constraints.

Generally the biggest problem when generating Elliptic Curve domain parameters is calculating the order of the curve specified by the curve equation. Since when this order is known the rest of the parameters (generators, group structure…) are found rather easily.

Computing this order given the equation is hard, there are several rather complex algorithms, some of which are fast for curves over (AGM), some for curves over (Schoof’s, SEA).

Usage#

ecgen --fp/--f2m BITS

Field specification#

  • --f2mBinary field.
  • --fpPrime field.

Generation options#

  • -c / --count=COUNTGenerate multiple curves.
  • -i / --invalidGenerate a set of invalid curves, for a given curve (using Invalid curve algorithm).
  • -k / --cofactor=BOUNDGenerate a curve with cofactor up to BOUND TODO - NOT FINISHED
  • --anomalous Generate an anomalous curve (of trace one, with field order equal to curve order).
  • -K / --koblitzGenerate a Koblitz curve (a = 0).
  • -n / --order=ORDERGenerate a curve with given ORDER (using Complex Multiplication). TODO - NOT IMPLEMENTED
  • -p / --primeGenerate a curve with prime order.
  • --points=TYPEGenerate points of given TYPE (random/prime/none).
  • -r / --randomGenerate a random curve (using Random approach).
  • -s / --seed[=SEED]Generate a curve from SEED (ANSI X9.62 verifiable procedure). TODO - NOT IMPLEMENTED
  • -u / --uniqueGenerate a curve with only one generator.

IO options#

  • -t / --format=FORMATFormat to output in. One of [csv,json], default is json.
  • -f / --input=FILEInput from FILE.
  • -o / --output=FILEOutput into FILE. Overwrites any existing file!
  • -a / --appendAppend to output file (don’t overwrite).
  • -v / --verbose[=FILE]Verbose logging (to stdout or FILE).

Other#

  • -d / --data-dir=DIRSet PARI/GP data directory (containing seadata package).
  • -m / --memory=SIZEUse PARI stack of SIZE (can have suffix k/m/g).
  • --threads=NUMUse NUM threads.
  • --thread-stack=SIZEUse PARI stack of SIZE (per thread, can have suffix k/m/g).

Examples#

Generate a prime field, prime order, uniquely generated 192-bit curve, don’t ask for input try random values:

> ecgen --fp -r -p -u 192

Generate 5 random, binary field, 163-bit koblitz curves:

> ecgen --f2m -r -k -c5 163

Generate invalid curves to a file, for a given prime field 192-bit curve:

> ecgen --fp -i --output=invalid.json 192
p: <input prime>
a: <input a param>
b: <input b param>

Generation methods#

Three different EC curve parameters generation methods are implemented.

Efficient Algorithms for Generating Elliptic Curves over Finite Fields Suitable for Use in Cryptography - [Baier]

Generation Methods of Elliptic Curves - [Baier, Buchmann]

Random approach#

  • Generates field and equation parameters:
    • randomly
    • using ANSI X9.62 verifiably random method(from seed), until a curve with requested properties appears.
    • given input
  • Can generate curves repeatedly until one satisfies requested properties:
    • -p / --prime generates curves until a prime order curve is found.
    • -K / --koblitz generates a curve with fixed A = 0 parameter.
    • -u / --unique generates a uniquely generated curve (with one generator/cyclic group).
    • etc..

Invalid curve generation#

Complex multiplication#

Build#

git clone https://github.com/J08nY/ecgen.git
cd ecgen
git submodule update --init
make

Requirements#

  • PARI/GP

ecgen uses the PARI/GP library for elliptic curve arithmetic and it’s SEA point counting algorithm implementation. It also requires the additional seadata package (seadata and seadata-big recommended for large curves).

Libraries#

  • lib/parson ©MIT
  • lib/sha1 ©MPL / GPLv2 or later

parson is used to input and output JSON and is included in the lib/ directory.

A SHA-1 implementation by Paul Kocher, based on the SHA 180-1 Reference Implementation (for ANSI X9.62 algorithm) is used and also included in the lib/ directory.

License#

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

© Eastern Seaboard Phishing Authority


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